It is estimated that there are more than a million animals and plants in danger of extinction around the world.
There are endangered plants around the world – in California and all over the United States.
Although the reasons for the danger of extinction are mainly natural, the hand of man has also actively participated in the disappearance of these endangered species of plants.
The pests, the forest fires and other natural disasters are part of the causes of the endangered plants of the flora world.
Likewise, industrial activity and the expansion of cities have generated extinct plants and, of course, many others that are threatened today on the endangered plants list.
Table of Contents
- The Causes
- Prickly Cica
- Phalaenopsis Micholitzii
- Attraylis Preauxiana
- Acacia Anegadensis
- Drosera Anglica
- Amorphophallus Titanum
- Dionaea Muscipula
- Cycas Revoluta
- Dracaena Draco
- The Medusagyne
- Tillandsia Dyeriana
- Heliconia Brenneri
- Heliconia Obscura
- Trilepisium Gymnandrum
- Guzmania Lepidota
- The Cactus
- Sirdavidia Solannona
- Terminalia Acuminata
- Spiranthes Aestivalis
- Wollemia Nobilis
- Dendrobium Changjiangense
Unlike animal species, climate change is not the main reason, but the responsibility is at the hands of man:
The destruction of habitats is produced by the advance of agriculture and urbanization, and also by continuous use from pesticides and the spread of pests and diseases.
The figures on the loss of habitats are frightening: last year 2.3 million square kilometers of forests were cut down, or almost five times the area of Spain.
In Europe and the United States, the spaces are lost for intensive agriculture and that is why there will always be endangered plants in the US.
On the Atlantic coast of South America, thousands of hectares of forests are burned, as in Madagascar.
In Indonesia, the same practice is used to plant palm trees to produce oil.
Also known as Encephalartos altensteinii, these cycads from South Africa are very slow-growing and are endangered plants.
They can grow up to five to seven meters in height.
They are often used as an ornamental plant in large gardens and parks, especially those on the sea coast, due to their resistance to wind.
Although it can live for 300 years, in its land of origin, it is beginning to disappear due to the loss of its natural growth zones. In addition, it is sneakily extracted for medicinal purposes.
One of the endangered plants in the tundra that we will mention in this list is the Phalaenopsis micholitzii, which is part of the Orchidaceae family, better known as orchids.
This species from the kingdom of nature plant is native to the Philippines.
However, it is currently in critical danger of disappearing. This type of orchid is normally found in humid forests with tropical climates.
Its beautiful structure and natural appeal make it a threatened species as a result of over collection, in addition to the loss of habitat to which it has been exposed in recent years.
Among the plant species in danger of extinction, it is found that this shrub is widely distributed in the Canary Islands.
Although, it barely reaches a height of 30 centimeters, its characteristic leaves allow it to be identified with the naked eye, as they have highly visible whitish ligules.
This is one of the plants in danger of extinction in Spain, being found in Gran Canaria and Tenerife.
The shrub of the Asteraceae family has been threatened by different causes that today make it part of the Red Book of the Threatened Vascular Flora of Spain.
In the British Virgin Islands there is a type of acacia that is currently critically endangered.
This species, belonging to the flora of the island, is considered one of the trees in danger of extinction after suffering consequences from the rise in the sea level of its habitat, which has been altered due to climate change.
This small tree with thorns also has small flowers that make it a very attractive species, due to its bright yellow color and the small pods that it has with seeds inside.
Long-leaved sun dew (Drosera anglica): it is a carnivorous plant, emerged from a hybridization that has resulted in fertile offspring.
It is small, no more than 10 centimeters, and grows in temperate regions, from southern Japan and Hawaii to Álava and Asturias.
Its presence in puddles, swamps and bogs is very fragile, and any alteration in the peat bog habitat leads to its loss.
The next endangered plant that you will meet may leave you speechless when you observe its striking body.
Amorphophallus titanium is also known under the name of the giant ring, bunga bangkai or corpse flower. It draws attention, not only for its strange composition, but also for its size.
Considered the largest flower in the world, this plant is in danger of extinction and only some species are preserved in botanical gardens and universities in the United Kingdom, Mexico, Germany, Japan, Uruguay and many more countries.
We did not mention endangered Hawaiian plants, but that does mean that there aren’t any in that area.
Known as a carnivorous plant, Dionaea muscipula is a vulnerable species that manages to trap insects, thanks to its capture mechanism.
It is mostly distributed in the United States and grows in areas with mild climates, where the winters are not so cold.
Normally the “Venus flytrap “, as it is also called, can be found in swamps or certain wetlands. However, today it is part of the plants in extinction due to natural causes.
Returning to the endangered plants, it is necessary to mention the sago palm, false palm or cica, as this Japanese plant is also known.
Nowadays, it is an almost threatened plant, because it requires really specific care and cannot stand the cold.
In addition, Cycas revoluta is a toxic plant that, if ingested, can be poisonous.
It is often used as a houseplant without really knowing its high level of toxicity.
Another of the plants in danger of extinction is the Dracaena draco or Drago.
This endangered plant species is a symbol of the island of Tenerife where you can find one of the most important specimens in the world, whose life span ranges between 500 and 600 years.
Although it also grows in Morocco, it is one of the plants in danger of extinction in Spain.
Its slow growth, rough stem and white flowers are characteristic features of this common species in wooded areas.
This endangered plants in the desert is typically known, grows on the island of Mahé in the Seychelles.
It is the only species of the genus Medusagyne and receives that name due to the shape of the fruits that grow on it.
It was originally believed to be an extinct plant, however in 1970, some species were found.
Despite this, today it is part of the flora in danger of extinction due to natural causes, since its seeds do not finish germinating naturally.
In addition, climate change has generated alterations in its habitat: the humid forests like the endangered plants in the tropical rainforest.
Returning to Ecuador we find this epiphytic plant that grows in the Province of Guayas.
Its orange color makes it a beautiful plant that, for natural reasons, is in critical danger of extinction.
Tillandsia dyeriana is part of the bromeliad family and, due to the critical situation it is experiencing; it could become one of the extinct plants of the American continent like other endangered plants in Hawaii.
Despite this, the few species of this beautiful flower continue to adorn the Ecuadorian vegetation with its picturesque color.
There are endangered plants in the rainforest, but there are also several in Ecuador. The next species belongs to the Heliconiaceae family and also grows in Ecuador.
Today it is a vulnerable species, with a tendency to become an endangered plant if the necessary measures are not taken.
Heliconia brenneri grows in mountains up to 2000 meters above sea level.
In Ecuador, this beautiful plant is close to a highway that has become its main enemy, the Limón-Indanza, since its expansion has put it at risk.
Like the endangered plants in Texas, if we continue to talk about the Heliconiaceae family, we must mention this species that, unfortunately, also suffers from high vulnerability.
As with Heliconia brenneri, obscura grows in the humid forests of Ecuador and, in turn, of Peru.
Its three subspecies: obscura fusca, obscura dichroma and obscura obscura are in danger, which could mean their total disappearance.
Just like the endangered plants in the deciduous forest, in the Republic of Seychelles, we find the next plant in danger of extinction: Trilepisium gymnandrum, which belongs to the genus Trilepisio and to the Moraceae family.
This plant species grows in forests and lowlands.
Currently, numerous efforts are being made to keep alive the few species of this plant that are still part of the world ecosystem.
If successful, the showy green-leaved plant can continue to complement the forests with its striking color.
When you think about striking colors, we must mention this endangered plant, also located in Ecuador and no different from the endangered plants in the amazon rainforest.
Guzmania lepidota is a plant of the Bromeliaceae family that grows in tropical or subtropical forests. When observing it, we undoubtedly appreciate its majesty.
However, the loss of habitat of this beautiful flower has made it one of the plant species in danger of extinction.
In fact, some experts include it in the category of possibly extinct plants.
The cactus is one of the most endangered plants and can only be found in the Sonoran desert, in South-central Arizona and in a single point in Mexico.
Its body is grayish green and covered with pink or brown spines. Its beautiful magenta flower opens from noon to dusk.
With the list of endangered plants, we could not leave out the Sirdavidia solannona, which has a very narrow trunk, reaching up to four or six meters high, is a rarity.
It was discovered in 2013 in the jungles of Gabon, and its only closest relative grows in Tanzania, at 3,000 kilometers of distance.
Its fragility lies in its population, which is scarce.
In addition, pollination is carried out by vibration: the microscopic and very light seeds are disseminated with the ultrasound produced by the wings of bees and other insects.
Guarajuba or Terminalia acuminata as it is known grows in the forested areas of the state of Rio de Janeiro (Brazil), and although their average height is around 18 meters, there are specimens that can exceed 100 meters.
Its high quality wood was widely used in the 20th century to build houses and boats, but the high pressure of logging led to its extinction.
Or that is what was believed, because several specimens were rediscovered in a forest near Grumari beach, on the Atlantic, and now the Botanical Garden of Rio de Janeiro is working on their repopulation.
Girl’s Braid or Spiranthes aestivalis is an endangered species plants and mini-orchid, growing throughout most of Western Europe and North Africa.
In Spain, it can be found in Cuenca, but many times it grows near small populations that are abandoned and ends up being conquered by weeds and weeds.
It is barely the height of a little finger and its stem is as fine as reeds.
They are difficult to locate, but their growth is more compromised, because they are threatened by the loss of their habitats due to deforestation, desertification and agriculture.
Numerous Spanish and community provisions give it an absolute protection status.
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Wollemi pine or Wollemia nobilis is a living fossil, because it is a species that has more than 90 million years of existence, and yet it was discovered a few years ago by chance in a remote valley 200 kilometers west of Sydney (Australia).
These plants that are endangered tend to be highly threatened.
This conifer can grow up to 40 meters, and since its discovery it has been considered the most threatened tree in the world.
In fact, in the original valley no more than 80 specimens have been found.
To avoid the arrival of curious and sneaky collectors, the scientists made a pact of silence and hid the exact area of its growth.
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This orchid is a very rare orchid, which grows in the mountain forests of Hainan, an island in Southwest China.
They are very small. In fact, their flower does not reach more than one centimeter.
But the destruction of their habitat and the furtive collection has led them to appear on the Red List of the IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) as in high danger of extinction.
The orchid is also one of the endangered plants in Florida.