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9 Important Farming Skills You Need to Know

What skills should I have before I start farming? Well, if you want to get into agribusiness, having the right farming skills will go a long way toward your success. Read on to see exactly what is required of you.

Agriculture is not only the main source of our food but also a key pillar in many world economies. Just like any other business or career, farming has its requirements, challenges, and benefits. And while many people might not consider it a worthwhile career, this sector has made a lot of money for some of the richest guys globally.

So, for a person intending to start an agribusiness, what farming skills do they need?

Besides raising the necessary capital, is there a specific agricultural skills list that one should fulfill?

Certainly yes! Like with any other career, you need to possess certain farming skills to help you succeed in this sector.

And, if you don’t already possess the skills, it means that you should research widely to learn and understand things first before you dive all in.

What, therefore, are these specific requirements you should have to become a successful farmer?

Agricultural Skills Checklist

a farmer on a wheat field

If you are a novice farmer starting on the farming path, these are some crucial farming skills you need to acquire.

1. Organizational skills

Young farmer works with a digital tablet in a wheat field
DiedovStock / Shutterstock

As mentioned earlier, farming is like any other business. This means that it has all the business dynamics, including cash flows, paperwork, machinery, employees, daily activities, etc. Organizational skills thus become a must-have to help you to maintain the smooth running of every operation.

If you can’t keep organized records or plan the day’s activities, even a simple farming business can prove quite challenging. A good farmer must know where every document concerning the farm is, as well as make it easy to locate them.

This includes everything from insurance records, payroll, certification paperwork, labor contracts, machinery service, repair schedules, etc. If you want to be a successful farmer, this is a farming skill that you must possess, especially for beginners or small-scale farmers.

For the big farms, however, you can certainly afford to employ a professional to do all your record-keeping, and help keep everything in order. 

But be careful; when hiring, only use reputable agriculture executive recruiting agencies to ensure you get qualified personnel. This will guarantee that all your farm’s records are safe and filed in an easy-to-locate manner.

However, when starting your journey, you’ll most likely be doing this yourself, thus the need to have this important skill.

2. Farm Operations Skills

Young male farmer working on his farm with a female colleague in the background
Chanelle Malambo/ / Adobe Stock

Now that you have the farm and you’ve kicked off your operations, how do you manage what goes on in the farm?

For starters, farming is not automatic. This means that someone must be rolling up the wheels to ensure that everything is running in the right manner.

Whether it’s land preparation activities, planting, harvesting, or vaccination of animals, there are daily activities on the farm that must run smoothly. As a farmer, you must plan and know what activities each day entails and how they are being carried out.

This will be crucial both to your short-term and long-term goals and achievements. If you can’t manage the farm’s activities, you might end up not accomplishing your goals or hitting those farming targets.

See Related: Best Shade Cloth for Greenhouses

3. Animals and Crops Management Skills

Herd of healthy dairy cows feeding in row of stables in feedlot barn
Studio Romantic / Adobe Stock

Farming includes dealing with crops and animals. And whichever kind of farming you’re engaged in, whether animal rearing, growing crops, or both, you must understand it well.

This will ensure that you can raise healthy plants or animals that will generate profits for your business. In the long run, all we are targeting is to maximize profits.

Let’s say you are into crop farming; you must know the best types of seeds, where to get them, how to prepare the best growing conditions for them, etc.

As I pointed out earlier, farming is not all easy. It requires more than just putting the seeds on the ground and watching them grow.

For example, imagine you are doing aquaponics farming. You’ll need to choose the best aquaponics kits, know the best aquatic animals for maximum production, and identify the ideal crops for the project.

Better still, if you want to start a greenhouse farm, what types of crops will you grow, or which type of greenhouse best fits your farming needs. 

In essence, you must know how to farm before diving all into the farming business.

See related: Best Aquaponics Greenhouse Kits

4. Technical/Mechanical Skills

broken down tractor

While there are numerous farming skills examples, this one is quite crucial, especially for small-time farmers. With a small farm, you might not have a specialist in every department, right from IT specialists, farm managers, drivers, mechanics, etc.

This means that you must be ready to handle some of these tasks when they occur personally. For instance, if your greenhouse grows lights broke down, can you repair them to prevent plant damage?

Also, if it’s a big farm and the mechanic isn’t around, can you do simple maintenance on your farm’s machinery?

Better still, are you savvy with computers and can feed in some records or even make some purchase orders?

Having some technical skills will help ensure that simple breakdowns don’t bring the entire farm’s operations to a standstill. This way, you can protect your profits in the long run.

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5. Interpersonal/Communication Skills

Male farm owner and agronomist standing in middle of green grassy field and discussing professional issues
Studio Romantic / Adobe Stock

Excellent interpersonal skills are vital for the success of any business, and farming is not an exception. As a farmer, you should know how to deal with and relate with different people who affect your business in one way or the other.

These will include your employees, suppliers, consumers, other farmers, and partners if you have any.

You should be a good communicator to ensure that information is passed on well to whomever you relate with. And since you’ll be quiet with your crops or animals most of the time, you must take time to sharpen your interpersonal skills. This will help you greatly when it now comes to talking to people.

Remember, you cannot do it all alone. The success of your farm will depend largely on how you relate to people. It’s those people who will offer labor, assist you in getting the desired products (such as veterinaries), and finally consume your products.

See Related: Best Greenhouse Fogger

6. Practical Farming skills

Farmer cultivating land in the garden with hand tools
shaploff / Adobe Stock

Don’t be an all-theory person when it comes to farming. Possessing some practical skills in agriculture will come in handy in a big way.

For instance, can you use the farm machinery and equipment, do some disease management on animals, set up a greenhouse, or spray those necessary pesticides on your crops?

These are vital farm skills that will take your farming career a long way. For this reason, even having theoretical knowledge is not enough.

Before you dip both feet into farming, go for practical training on some of the main farming issues – depending on your type of farming.

Be sure that you can take care of your animals even without the help of a specialist – except on major issues. If you are doing crop farming, be sure that you can care for your plants in all aspects.

Whether it’s pesticide control, nutrient provision, cultivating, or harvesting, be a hands-on farmer.

See Related: Best Greenhouse Shelving System

7. Value Addition Knowledge

value addition skills

When establishing any business, the end goal is, most often than not, getting a profit. It’s even unheard of for someone to start a business just for the sake of it – unless it’s a charity organization. Farming is the same!

Value addition is one way of ensuring that your products fetch you maximum profits. For this reason, having some value addition farming skills is quite beneficial.

This way, you can know what is needed to ensure that each phase of your production is optimized for the best results. Right from seed selection, disease control, nutrients addition, and provision of optimal environmental conditions, every stage adds to the final product’s success.

Having a clear understanding of this chain of events, as well as what is required, helps you minimize losses and maximize profits.

8. Be a Quick Learner

People planting trees or working in community garden promoting local food production
Patrick / Adobe Stock

While it’s important you possess most of the necessary farming knowledge before you start a farm, you certainly can’t have it all. Farming involves a continuous learning process, as new farming methods and technology emerge every single day.

This means that you must be able to grasp everything new that comes your way as you go on. One thing is for sure; you’ll encounter new and challenging aspects of farming that you never knew existed. If you aren’t flexible and quick to adapt, you might be left behind by the competition or fail altogether.

This field will keep changing, and it doesn’t require anyone who is so rigid and not ready to incorporate new knowledge.

Learn, learn, learn every day for a successful farming business. This is one of the most important qualities of a good farmer.

See Related: Do Greenhouses Stay Warm in Winter?

9. Marketing Skills

Adult woman chooses apples at the stall with fruits and vegetables on a local farmers market or fair outdoors
Framestock / Adobe Stock

This is a set of crucial skills needed for agriculture and any other field of business. But how? Anyone would ask!

Well, now that you’ve done everything right and raised the best crops or animals, how do you get it to the market?

How do consumers get to buy your farm produce and leave the ones offered by your competitors?

This is where marketing skills come in handy. While some people might argue that good products will automatically sell, it’s not always the case.

The assumption might work for a few small farmers, but you need your products to be known if you are doing this as a business.

If you don’t want to harvest impressive products that end up spoiling in your granaries, you must create awareness in the market.

Even the most ideal products may make a minimum impact in the market if proper marketing is not done. This is especially where competition is intense.

So, polish up your marketing skills by learning more. There are numerous online resources that can help you with this.

See Related: How to Grow Vegetables Year-Round in a Greenhouse

Things to Know Before Getting Into Farming

  • Farming is a Business

Senior farmer standing in soybean field examining crop
Zoran Zeremski / Adobe Stock

While some people do it as a hobby, pass-time, or simply for survival, farming can be like any other business. In fact, it is one of the most profitable businesses globally.

This is because almost everything we need for survival comes from farming. The clothes we wear, food, and shelter all come from agriculture. This means that when done right, it can fetch you quite good amounts of money.

  • Farming Can be Done Professionally

Woman farmer with digital tablet on a background of harvester
scharfsinn86 / Adobe Stock

Farming is no longer the dirty job we once knew. Technology and education have come to turn this field around. With automated equipment, advanced technology, and change in perception, you can do farming like a professional.

Just like being a lawyer, an accountant, or a doctor, a farmer is also a professional in their own capacity. Especially with all the education and skills required for its success, farming is even more profound than most professions.

  • Farmers Are Now Smarter

Smart farmer woman agronomist checks the field with tablet
Jose / Adobe Stock

Unlike in the past, when farming was done on a small scale or just for sustenance, farmers have now become more problem solvers. Most of them are smart, tech-savvy, researchers, and incredible entrepreneurs.

In fact, around 70% of large-scale farmers are well educated, with college diplomas, degrees, and trade certifications. This brings a completely new perception of farming. Many farmers have specialized in agronomy and animal science, although others have done business and other subjects.


What are some agricultural skills?

Agricultural skills are abilities and knowledge related to farming and agriculture. These skills include the ability to operate and maintain farm equipment, knowledge of crop management and soil science, and animal husbandry skills.

Other important agricultural skills include irrigation management, pest and disease control, and marketing and business management.

What are hard skills in agriculture?

Hard skills in agriculture are technical abilities and knowledge required to perform specific tasks related to farming, animal husbandry, and crop production. These skills include proficiency in the use of farm machinery, irrigation systems, and pest control methods.

In addition, hard skills in agriculture also involve knowledge of soil science, plant biology, and animal health management.

agricultural skills

Agricultural skills are the abilities and knowledge necessary for successful cultivation and management of crops and livestock. These skills can include planting, irrigation, pest management, animal husbandry, and harvesting. Developing agricultural skills is essential for improving food security and sustainable farming practices.

What skills do you need to be a agricultural specialist?

Agricultural specialist is a professional who specializes in providing expert advice and guidance on agricultural practices. To become an agricultural specialist, you need to have a strong understanding of agricultural sciences, including agronomy, soil science, and plant pathology.

Additionally, you must possess excellent communication and problem-solving skills to effectively communicate your recommendations to farmers and other stakeholders in the agricultural industry.

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