Each Bengal tiger establishes its own territory, which will be determined by the sex and availability of the game. Although territories will overlap, territories are usually between 15 and 30 square kilometers.
Solitary for the most part, Bengal tigers will form a temporary bond when the female is ready to mate, but she will raise the 1 to 4 cubs by herself. Cubs remain with their mothers for up to 3 years, with the females staying the longest. In the wild, Bengal tigers live approximately 8 to 10 years.
See Related: Asian Lion
The majority of Bengal tigers are found in India, but their range also extends into Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, and Myanmar. The greatest numbers of these tigers are in scattered locations in India.
Formerly, the range of this tiger included nearly all of the subcontinent and the entirety of Bangladesh and Bhutan, and most of Nepal and Myanmar. A population of Bengal tigers is found in the Sundarbans mangrove swamp between India and Bangladesh.
See Related: Environmental Organizations in India
Tigers have always been hunted as trophy animals for their pelts and the supposed medicinal value of their body parts. Although Bengal tigers have protected status over the entirety of their range, poaching continues to take a toll on these magnificent cats.
Initially, protection helped the numbers of the tigers to remain steady. Still, the demands of traditional Chinese medicine, which has been growing in recent years, are once again making inroads into their numbers.
Additionally, the tigers in the Sundarbans are now under pressure from rising sea levels because of climate change. As human populations in India and nearby countries continue to rise, tigers are also subject to habitat destruction.
See Related: Endangered vs. Threatened vs. Extinct Species
Quite a few organizations are dedicated to saving Bengal tigers, including the World Wildlife Fund and Save the Tigers. Reforestation will help give tigers more access to prey animals, reducing the chances of tiger/human conflicts. Anti-poaching patrols can also prevent Bengal tigers from winding up in a bottle on a pharmacy shelf in Beijing.
See Related: Ways to Save Animals Facing Extinction
Panthera is an American-based organization. Their main focus is to conserve the world’s largest wild cats, including the Bengal Tiger, by supporting research and education programs in different countries.