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11 Important Pros and Cons of Veganism

A vegan diet is becoming more and more popular among people who want to improve their health, lose weight, or help the environment. However, there are many risks associated with a vegan diet, including nutritional deficiencies and other health problems.

In this article, we’ll explore the pros and cons of being vegan and discuss how these can affect your long-term health.

What is a Vegan Diet?

Bowl filled with vegetables top view

A vegan diet is a type of diet that eliminates all animal products, including flesh and dairy. People adopt a vegan diet for many different reasons: they may be trying to live a plant-based lifestyle, or they may be looking to improve their health. Adopting a vegan lifestyle means not wearing leather or wool, and not eating any animal products – that’s foodstuffs that come from an animal that doesn’t rely on slaughter; like eggs or cheese.

A vegan diet consists of only plant-based foods, such as fruits and vegetables, nuts and seeds, grains, legumes, and more. There are both pros and cons associated with adopting a vegan diet; some pros are that it is arguably better for the environment and can also help improve one’s overall health.

Some cons include potential vitamin deficiencies along with a deficiency in essential amino acids due to a lack of animal products in one’s diet and possible increased expenses related to finding alternatives for animal products.

What Are the Different Types of Vegetarian Diets?

Vegetarian diets are plant-based diets that exclude animal products such as meat, fish, and poultry. A vegetarian diet may include dairy products, eggs, and sometimes honey. There are several types of vegetarian diets; vegan, Lacto-Ovo vegetarian, and pescatarian.

A strict vegan diet is a form of vegetarianism that excludes all animal products including dairy and eggs. Lacto-Ovo vegetarians consume both dairy and egg products but do not eat any meat or fish. Pescatarians eat a vegetarian diet that includes seafood but no other meat or animal products.

All types of vegetarian diets are plant-based diets which may vary in the number of grains, fruits, vegetables, nuts, seeds, and legumes included in their daily meals.

All types of vegetarian diets can provide health benefits if they include a variety of foods from all food groups while avoiding processed foods with added sugars or fats.

What are the Benefits of a Vegan Diet?

Green healthy smoothie

The benefits of a vegan diet are significant. A vegan diet is one that focuses on plant-based foods, such as fruits and vegetables, grains, nuts and seeds, and legumes. It avoids all animal-based foods such as dairy, eggs, meat, fish, and poultry.

Eating a vegan diet can provide several health benefits including lower cholesterol levels, improved blood sugar control, weight loss, and reduced risk of certain types of cancer. Additionally, it can promote better digestion; reduce inflammation; improve heart health; and reduce the risk of chronic diseases like diabetes and obesity.

Furthermore, it is often more environmentally friendly than other diets since it relies less heavily on animal products which require more resources to produce – that said it can and does result in additional pressure being put on other food chains. Ultimately, eating a vegan diet can be beneficial for both your physical health and the environment.

Pros of Veganism

Platter served with grilled tofu and dragon fruit

There are several advantages of being vegan. Here are the most important ones to know.

Pro #1 – It is a way to increase your Nutrient Intake

Vegan diets are lower in saturated fat and cholesterol and higher in fiber, magnesium, folate, vitamin C, and phytochemicals than non-vegetarian diets. A plant-based diet can help you meet your daily nutrient requirements.

Pro #2 – It can help with Weight Loss

A vegan diet is lower in calories and fat, as compared to other diets. Additionally, it contains more fiber than non-vegan diets.

Vegan diets help you lose weight and maintain weight loss better than non-vegan ones do. This is because of the decrease in calories and fat intake, as well as the increased fiber intake that has been linked to weight control.

As a bonus, vegans also have higher intakes of antioxidants (like vitamins C and E) and phytochemicals (such as flavonoids). These micronutrients may help protect against disease risk factors like heart disease or cancer.

Pro #3 – You have More Energy

A vegan diet can help you feel full, which means that you may not be as likely to overeat. Vegans are also more likely to get enough fiber and protein, both of which are vital for general health.

A high-fiber diet promotes healthy digestion and helps keep your digestive tract running smoothly. It also keeps your blood sugar levels in check by slowing down the absorption of glucose into the bloodstream. This can reduce cravings for sugary foods or carbohydrates that could contribute to weight gain over time.

Protein is a key nutrient for maintaining muscle mass, building new muscle tissue, and repairing damaged tissue from exercise or injury.

Iron is necessary for the formation of red blood cells—which transport oxygen throughout your body—and its deficiency can lead to anemia symptoms such as fatigue and weakness.

Pro #4 – You get to meet New People

The next pro is getting to meet people. Vegans come from all walks of life, and it’s possible that you can meet like-minded people who share your beliefs. Some vegans are more open-minded and understanding than others because they are used to being exposed to new ideas and opinions.

Veganism forces people out of their comfort zones, which makes them more open-minded about other cultures and lifestyles. Well, at least that’s how it should be.

A lot of vegans are borderline militant towards those who don’t adhere to a vegan lifestyle. I’ve even met vegans like this that get upset at other vegans for not being “vegan enough” – whatever that means. This childish attitude does very little to help veganism’s image or accessibility.

Either way, if you’re going vegan, you’re going to be meeting both sorts and this gives you an opportunity to learn something new! In addition, when you meet someone who has different backgrounds or experiences than yours (whether they’re vegan or not), it allows for a healthy discussion on what each person believes in—and how those beliefs affect their daily lives! Healthy! being vegan doesn’t mean you’re better than anyone else!

Pro #5 – You enjoy the freedom of Personal Choice

Veganism is a personal choice. You make the decisions about what you eat, and that’s a good thing. The diet of an omnivore (a person who eats meat, animal products, and vegetables) is determined by many factors—the culture they are born into, their family traditions, the availability of certain foods, and the social norms of their community—but veganism is something you can adopt on your own terms.

You have several choices when it comes to vegan eating: there are no rules or regulations dictating what kinds of foods you must consume as long as they don’t contain animal products!

In fact, there are many yummy ways for vegans to get their daily nutrients. Just think; nut butter, whole grain bread, fruit smoothies, brown rice pasta, and homemade tomato sauce, stir fry with tofu cubes simmered in soy sauce and sesame oil, the countless things you can do with beans, and many more things that are making my mouth water!

You also have options when it comes to where you buy your food from local farmers’ markets may carry organic tomatoes from your local community garden while stores like Trader Joe’s might stock fresh produce at low prices because of economies of scale (more people buying more food can mean cheaper prices).

And if those choices aren’t enough for you (or maybe even too much freedom) there’s always online shopping where anything goes!

Pro #6 – It helps the Environment and combats Climate Change

Veganism has the potential to be one of the most environmentally friendly lifestyles on the planet. According to research conducted by The Guardian, “Vegetarian diets emit up to 30 percent less carbon dioxide (CO2) than meat-based ones.”

Because vegans don’t rely on animal products like dairy and eggs for nutrition, they require fewer resources from agriculture. This includes land, water, fertilizer, and pesticides that are used in growing crops fed to animals raised for meat consumption.

In addition, veganism reduces your carbon footprint by eliminating emissions associated with the transportation and refrigeration of animal products.

Furthermore, vegan food requires less packaging than non-vegan food because it doesn’t contain animal products such as milk or cheese which need to be stored in their own containers once opened (think about how many times you’ve thrown away an open container of milk after just one use!).

See Related: Best Eco-Friendly Travel Products

Cons of Veganism

Top view of Vegetable Millet salad

There are several disadvantages to being vegan. Here are the most important ones to know.

Con #1 – It can be more expensive to shop for food

Vegan food is often more expensive than meat and dairy products. The average cost of eating a vegan diet is $11,000 a year, compared with $6,500 for the average American omnivore. If you’re committed to making the switch to veganism but don’t want your finances to suffer in the process, there are ways to save money on vegan food:

For example, some foods are much more affordable when purchased in bulk or at certain times of the year. You can also try using coupons and following sales cycles. Or you can live a life of eating nothing but beans. Beans are cheap, versatile, and delicious.

Con #2 – It is harder to eat out when you’re on a vegan diet

In order to eat as a vegan, you need to prepare yourself for the fact that it can be harder to eat out. Vegan restaurants are not as common as non-vegan restaurants so you need to be prepared with snacks and food items in your bag for emergencies.

If you are dining at a place that does not have a vegan option on the menu, then you will need to ask your waiter if something is suitable for vegans or if they can make any substitutions for you.

The good news is that there are more and more restaurants in today’s age offering vegan-friendly food such as Kentucky Fried Chicken vegan options and the Impossible Burger being offered at restaurants around the world.

Con #3 – You need to read labels more closely

Lady reading product labels

If you are going vegan, you will need to read the labels more closely. This is because many foods that contain animal products also contain sugar and other processed ingredients. You will want to make sure that your food is high in nutrients and low in sugar.

Also, it’s important that you eat a variety of fruits, vegetables, legumes, grains, and nuts so that you get all the nutrients needed for good health.

Con #4 – You must find suitable replacements for proteins, fats, and carbohydrates

When you remove meat from your diet and choose a plant-based diet, it’s important to replace meat with a similar source of protein. If you don’t eat eggs or dairy products, you’ll need to look elsewhere for sources of fat and protein.

Tofu is an excellent replacement for meat because it has all the necessary amino acids. Tempeh has more fiber than tofu, so it can be a good choice if you’re looking for something different. Seitan is made from wheat gluten flour and is high in protein. Other good substitutes include legumes (like beans) and quinoa.

Instead of fats such as butter or margarine using milk, coconut oil works well here as does olive oil for cooking. You may also want to consider using nut butter or milk-free margarine on bread instead of butter if they’re available in your area!

Con #5 – Is isn’t as eco-friendly as you might think

Ostensibly, veganism is great for the environment, but it does come with its own share of problems. Firstly it puts extra demand on other food chains. Let’s use the avocado as an example. The increase in veganism in the U.S. has meant larger imports of avocados from Central and South America, which has meant communities that rely on the avocado as a food source are either going without or having to compete with rising prices for a foodstuff that was once cheap and ubiquitous.

That’s not even accounting for growing and shipping the avocados. Avocados need a lot of water to grow, and an increased demand for avocados means more water is needed for growing them. Shipping them too is also pretty bad for the environment, as the increased demand means heavier loads which means more fuel for ships and trucks and an increased number of ships and trucks to haul them.

And that’s just avocados!

With the global increase in veganism, there has been an increase in the number and varieties of vegetables being grown around the world. On the surface, this seems like a good thing, but this too has had negative side effects. In growing more crops, farmers are using more pesticides which are generally pretty bad for the environment, as well as responsible for killing essential pollinators as well as pests.

The increased use of farm machinery to harvest and process crops has also resulted in more fuel being needed to operate them as well as another sad side effect – the increased number of local fauna being caught up and killed in machinery. Certain small bird and rodent species that like to live in crop fields are at risk of becoming endangered due to these machines killing so many of them.

See Related: Ways to Save Animals Facing Extinction

Final Thoughts: Is Veganism right for me?

Veganism is a lifestyle choice that many people are turning to in order to reduce their environmental impact, improve their health, and show compassion for animals. While it can be a great way to lead a healthier and more sustainable life, it’s important to ask yourself if veganism is right for you.

Consider whether you have the time and energy to commit to vegan food preparation, research vegan-friendly restaurants, and look into different dietary requirements – all of which are part of your lifestyle if you decide to go vegan.

There are also some ethical considerations when it comes to eating certain plant-based foods such as palm oil. Ultimately it’s up to you whether or not you choose to go vegan – remember that there are plenty of delicious vegan recipes out there if you do decide to give it a try!


Does a vegan diet help the environment?

You may not have realized that eating vegan can have a positive impact on the environment. By going meat-free, you’ll reduce your carbon footprint and save water, land, and energy for other uses. The World Health Organization (WHO) has stated that climate change is one of the biggest health threats of our time.

As greenhouse gas emissions continue to rise, so does the global temperature—and higher temperatures lead to higher rates of heat-related illnesses like cardiovascular disease, respiratory distress, and kidney failure. This makes it all the more important to reduce our greenhouse gas emissions whenever we can—and following a vegan diet is one way to do so!

What are the risks of a plant-based diet?

A plant-based diet has some risks associated with it, the main ones being a lack of certain nutrient deficiencies, including vitamin D, Omega-3 fatty acids, and iron.

Is a vegan diet healthy or not?

A vegan eating plan can be healthy, it’s important to ensure that the body is still getting the nutrients it needs on a vegan diet. Eating a variety of whole grains, legumes, fruits, and vegetables is important for ensuring adequate nutrition on a vegan diet.

Additionally, adding fortified foods such as plant-based milk or cereals can help provide additional nutrients not available from plant-based sources. It is important to note that some people may need supplementation with certain vitamins and minerals when following a vegan diet. Overall though, if done correctly, a vegan diet can be an incredibly nutritious way to eat.

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